Off-Peak City Distribution
Haulage constitutes a large part of the daytime traffic in cities. The efficiency is low and emissions are unnecessarily high due to congestion. An internationally tested improvement is cargo delivery at off-peak hours: evening, night and morning. Transport becomes more efficient and provides profitability due to lower traffic levels. Furthermore, the street space is better used. On the other hand, noise from the haulage trucks during the night may disturb inhabitants, and therefore night traffic with heavy vehicles is forbidden between 22:00 and 06:00 in central Stockholm.
In the Off-Peak City Distribution project two vehicles had exemption from the restriction and were allowed to operate in Stockholm City during night-time hours. The vehicles, one Scania and one Volvo truck, were equipped with special noise reducing equipment. In addition, other means of noise reduction were tested, e.g. quiet cages and noise feedback tools. Noise levels were measured and analysed.
In addition to testing and evaluating new technology and noise levels, transport efficiency was measured and studied, and an evaluation of socio-economic effects was performed. The project also proposed regulatory principles, disseminated knowledge, and promoted a greater spread.
The project was funded by the Vinnova program "Fordonsstrategisk Forskning och Innovation", FFI, and ended in December 2016. It was coordinated by the Royal Institute of Technology, and was a collaboration with the City of Stockholm, Svebol Logistics AB, Lidl Sverige KB, Martin&Servera AB, K.Hartwall Oy AB, Scania CV AB, AB Volvo and Chalmers.